Selected activities by Nebojsa Nakicenovic:
- Lead Author Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (Nakicenovic et al., 2000): Prepared for the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report the emission scenarios, developed by Nakicenovic and team, are still widely used and were very influential in the development of Representative Concentration Pathways and Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. The SRES scenarios were constructed to explore future developments in the global environment with special reference to greenhouse gases and aerosol precursor emissions.
- Project Leader for The Austrian Panel on Climate Change Assessment Report (APCC-ARR14): Launched in September 2014, this study is the first comprehensive analysis of climate change in Austria, including climate impacts, vulnerability, and mitigation options for the country. The IPCC assessment approach was applied, demonstrating its effectiveness at a national scale.
- Director of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA). Published in 2012, and involving 500 analysts and reviewers worldwide, this assessment evaluated a broad spectrum of social, economic, development, technological, environmental, security, and other issues linked to energy. It is the most comprehensive science-based assessment ever undertaken of the global energy system. GEA provides decision-makers with scientifically rigorous and policy relevant information that encapsulates all possible future outcomes and tradeoffs related to economic development, human health and global climate of energy-related decisions made today.
- Member of the United Nations Secretary General High-Level Technical Group on Sustainable for Energy for All Initiative (SE4All): Research undertaken for GEA, and directed by Nebojsa Nakicenovic, provided the scientific basis for this UN initiative which defined three objectives for sustainable energy and energy access: providing universal access to modern energy services; doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
- Co-author of Tackling the Challenge of Climate Change: Prepared at the request of the Republic of Nauru, Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), this paper is prescriptive on the need for action, but recognizes that there are multiple GHG emission reduction technologies and strategies already available that that can be scaled up and adapted to national circumstances. Cost-effective technologies to achieve a low-carbon economy are being implemented throughout the world, but not at sufficient scale or speed to reduce emissions. With every year of delay, human suffering, biodiversity loss, and the costs of mitigation and adaptation increase.
- Member of the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) 2008-present: Established by the German federal government in 1992 in the lead up to Rio Earth Summit, this independent, scientific advisory body tasks are to: analyze global environment and development problems and report on these; to review and evaluate national and international research in the field of global change; to provide early warning of new issue areas; to identify gaps in research and to initiate new research; to monitor and assess national and international policies for the achievement of sustainable development; to elaborate recommendations for action and research; and to raise public awareness and heighten the media profile of global change issues.
- Coordinating Lead Author of the Millennium Ecosystems Assessment (MEA). Published in 2006 this global research project, established by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, assessed the planet’s environmental health and developed options for decision makers to respond to ecosystem changes.
- Chair and editor of Global Energy Perspectives (1993-1998): This collaboration between the World Energy Council and IIASA analyzed how current and near-term energy decisions would have long–lasting implications throughout the 21st century inclusive of the impacts of energy decisions on the climate system.
- Lead Author of Energy in a Finite World. Paths to a Sustainable Future (1981): This seven-year IIASA study was the first truly global and long-term study of future energy. The principal goal of the study was to identify strategies for the transition from a world reliant on oil and gas to one supplied by sustainable sources of energy. The study involved over 140 scientists from 20 countries, and aimed to provide new and critical insights into the international long-term dimensions of the energy problem. Given this objective, the 50-year period from 1980 to 2030 was analyzed in detail, though parts of the study looked even further into the future. Geographically, all countries of the world were included — developed and developing, market and centrally planned economies.